A female at the back of a group of elephants in Full-Retreat, placing herself between her family and the perceived threat. The female carries her Ears-Stiff, her Chin-Up, and her Trunk-Curved-Under. As she retreats, she Looks-Back over her shoulder at the perceived threat or turns, threateningly, to face it. While this Chin-Up, Looking-Back posture indicates an Apprehensive, fearful elephant, a wrong move may provoke an attack.
References: Douglas-Hamilton 1972: ch 6; Poole & Granli 2003; Poole & Granli 2011. (Full reference list)
This behavioral constellation includes the following behaviors: Chin-Up, Ears-Stiff, Look-Back, Purposeful-Walk, Retreat-From and occurs in the following context(s): Avoidance