An elephant Standing or moving attentively with the Chin-Up, Ears-Stiff and Trunk-Curled-Under or in a J-Trunk position. if Walking away, the elephant may also Look-Back. If Standing may also be Head-Swinging The elephant may exhibit Tail-Raising.

References: Moss 1988; Poole 1996, Poole & Granli 2003; Poole & Granli 2011 [Fearful, Feigned-Fear, Exaggerated-Fear]. (Full reference list)

This behavioral constellation includes the following behaviors: Chin-Up, Ears-Stiff, Head-Swinging, J-Trunk, Tail-Raising, Trunk-Curled-Under and occurs in the following context(s): Vigilance


Context: Vigilance (1)

The F family has heard our vehicle and are acting Apprehensive and Vigilant. gf0034 stands with a J-Trunk, Ears-Stiff, Listening, and Head-Swinging, her head raised and turning from side to side.

The camera pans left to gf0033 and tuskless female gf0035 who is also Listening and steps forward. Then the camera pans back to gf0033 who Ear-Slaps and gives an Ear-Flap-Slide and Initiates-Movement for a Full-Retreat of the family from us. Note that as gf0033 walks to toward gf0035 she has an Open-Mouth indicating she is vocalizing, but there is no audio and we are too far away. In another view again she Ear-Slaps initiating further retreat. (Gorongosa, Mozambique)