Two elephants rushing toward one another, head to head, attempting to Tusk, Push, Ram or interlock tusks to leverage an opponent down to the ground or manoeuvre him into position where he can be gored. Dueling typically involves two contesting musth males.
References: Poole 1982; Poole 1987b; Poole 1987; Poole 1989a; Poole 1996; Poole & Granli 2003; Poole & Granli 2011; O’Connell-Rodwell et al 2011. (Full reference list)
This behavioral constellation includes the following behaviors: Chin-Out, Circus-Pose, Ear-Folding, Ear-Spreading, Ear-Wave, Head-High, Lunge, Musth-Rumble, Musth-Temporal-Gland-Secretion, Periscope-Trunk, Ramming, Reaching-High, Sashay, Tusk-Clank, Tusking, Urine-Dribbling and occurs in the following context(s): Aggressive