Group-Defence

Bunching

Images: 6

Group of individuals clustering or bunching together with young in the center while adults face outwards toward the source of threat. Elephant may exhibit a combination of Fearful and/or....
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Assembling

Images: 2

A fast moving walking or running by members of a family or bond-group toward one another following a frightening sound, sight or event. After assessing the situation by Freezing elephants....
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Panic-Running

Images: 2

A very fast, quiet, smooth running while Tail-Raising and with Ears-Back. If elephants are in a group they bunch closely....
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Rear-Guard

Images: 2

A female placing herself at the back of a Bunched group of elephants in Full-Retreat. The Rear-Guard female carries her head high and chin raised and trunk curved under while simultaneously....
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Full-Retreat

Images: 3

Following a threat to a predator (Standing-Tall or Charging) turning and retreating from the offending animal with the head held high and chin raised (Chin-Raising), back bowed....
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Reach-Touch

Images: 1

Swinging of the trunk and body to touch nearest neighbor relatives while Standing-Tall and while Bunching. Sometimes the reaching and touching may extend to Trunk-Grasping. The elephant(s)....
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Reach-Touch

These calls occurred following a mating in the Maasai Mara. See if you can hear the rhythmic calling of the estrous female within the  mating-pandemonium.

Images: 1