Purposeful, directed walking toward another elephants or toward a predator with hostile intent that may result in avoidance behavior or counter threat. Sometimes all it takes is one step, in direction of the other, to cause a reaction. Advance-Toward may be associated with other aggressive postures such as Head-High, Ear-Spreading, or Ears-Folded etc. (3a) Advance-Toward with Ear-Spreading and Standing-Tall may be directed at predators. (3b)