Threat

Standing-Tall

Images: 4

Standing or moving with head held well above shoulders, chin is raised and the elephant looks down at her adversary over her tusks with Eyes-Open, and her ears maximally forward. The animal....
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Head-Shaking

Images: 4

An abrupt shaking of the head, which causes the ears to flap sharply and dust to fly and is a sign of an individual's annoyance with or disapproval of an individual or circumstance.....
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Forward-Trunk-Swing

A swinging or tossing of the trunk in the direction of an adversary typically while blowing forcefully out through the trunk. Elephants swing their trunks at other smaller animals (e.g.....
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Parallel-Walk

Males pacing back and forth in parallel to one another in a lead up to or during an Escalated-Contest. The contestants typically place a road, log or other "barrier" between them. (11a)....
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Tusk-Ground

Images: 1

Bending or kneeling down and tusking the ground and uplifting vegetation as a demonstration of "look what I will do with you". It is usually seen during the maneuvering between two males....
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Throw-Debris

Images: 2

Lifting or uprooting objects and using the trunk throwing them in the direction of an opponent or predator. (13a) This display may also be observed in play (13b). An elephant's aim can be....
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Bush-Bash

Tossing the head and tusks back and forth through bushes or other vegetation creating noise and commotion and demonstrating strength; probably an expression of "look what I can do with....
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Look-Back

Images: 1

Standing or walking away while looking back over the shoulder. As an elephant Looks-Back it may flatten an ear against its body in order to see what is behind it. This is primarily....
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Advance-Toward

Images: 2

Purposeful, directed walking toward another elephants or toward a predator with hostile intent that may result in avoidance behavior or counter threat. Sometimes all it takes is one step,....
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Ear-Spreading

Images: 4

Facing an opponent or predator head on with ears fully spread (at 90 degrees from body) presumably for the purpose of appearing larger. Elephants may also spread their ears when they are....
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Throw-Debris


Images: 4

Bush-Bash


Images: 4

Look-Back


Images: 4