Elephant Gestures Database

Search Gestures Database

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Typical Ear-Folding. (¬©ElephantVoices) Welcome to the Elephant Gestures Database¬©. This revised version of Poole and Granli, 2003 was published in April 2009. A major expansion and restructuring is currently being prepared - a new, unique source of information about elephant behavior with descriptions, photos, video and audio will be launched as The Elephant Ethogram in late 2018. We apologise for some functional errors in the current version - and invite you to visit again.

We are happy for any use of this source toward the better understanding, conservation and welfare of elephants. Please cite the database as "Poole, J.H. & Granli, P.K. 2009. ElephantVoices Elephant Gestures Database, https://www.elephantvoices.org", or, where appropriate, to the original source material as referenced. Better yet, please write to us and we will send you our published chapter Signals, Gestures, and Behaviors of African Elephants, chapter 8 in The Amboseli Elephants: A Long-Term Perspective on a Long-Lived Mammal, 2011.

You will find background information about the database here, and the full reference list here.

If you have comments or suggestions, mail us! To view the full sitemap for the Gestures Database, click here.

General ContextNarrower Context
Attentive

Aggressive

Ambivalent

Defensive

Social Integration

Mother-Offspring

Sexual

Play

Death