ElephantVoices document download center


Publications & reports

Selected publications and reports related to elephant welfare.

Kiiru, W. 2007. The sad state of elephants in zoos in Canada. ZooCheck, Canada. January 2007.
American Zoo and Aquarium Association: STANDARDS FOR ELEPHANT MANAGEMENT AND CARE. Adopted 21 March 2001, updated 5 May 2003.
RSPCA 2003. A Review of the welfare of zoo elephants in Europe
BIAZA, 2010. British & Irish association of Zoos and Aquariums; Management Guidelines for the Welfare of Zoo Animals. Elephants Loxodonta africana and Elephas maximus. Third edition (2010).
Coalition for Captive Elephant Well-Being Executive Summary
ElephantVoices Advocacy Policy
Compassionate Crusaders Trust & Zoocheck Canada 2004 (Revised 2006). THE INDIAN ZOO INQUIRY. A Review of Conditions in the Zoos of India.
Poole, J and Granli, P. 2008. Mind and Movement: Meeting the Interests of Elephants. In:
An Elephant in the Room: The Science and Well Being of Elephants in Captivity. Eds. D. L. Forthman, L. F. Kane and P. Waldau. North Grafton MA: Tufts University Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine’s Center for Animals and Public Policy.
Marino, Lori; Lilienfeld, Scott O.; Malamud, Randy; Nobis, Nathan; Broglio, Ron. 2010. Do Zoos and Aquariums Promote Attitude Change in Visitors? A Critical Evaluation of the American Zoo and Aquarium Study. Society and Animals, Volume 18, Number 2, 2010, pp. 126-138(13)
Ros Clubb, Marcus Rowcliffe, Phyllis Lee, Khyne U. Mar, Cynthia Moss, Georgia J. Mason. 2008. Compromised Survivorship in Zoo Elephants. SCIENCE VOL 322, 12 DECEMBER 2008, www.sciencemag.org.
G Iossa, CD Soulsbury and S Harris. 2009. Animal Welfare, 2009, 18: 129-140. Are wild animals suited to a travelling circus life? UFAW - Universities Federation for Animal Welfare.
National norms and standards for the management of elephants in South Africa. Published in the Government Gazette on 29 February 2008 and effective on 1 May 2008.
Policy announcement by Marthinus van Schalkwyk, South African Minister of Environmental Affairs & Tourism, on the occasion of the publication of the final norms & standards for elephant management, Pretoria,  25 February 2008.
Authored by Shubhobroto Ghosh co-author by The Indian Zoo Inquiry.
Elephant polo: conservation activity or animal abuse? By Shubhobroto Ghosh. In Monsoon 2010, COMPASSIONATE FRIEND.
The report of the Elephant Task Force, Ministry of Environment and Forests, August 21, 2010.