Lee, P.C. 1987. Allomothering among African elephants. Anim Behav. 35:278-91.

Lee, P.C. 1986. Early social development among African elephant calves. National Geographic Research 2, 388-401.

Lee, P.C. 1989. Family structure, communal care and female reproductive effort. Comparative Socioecology. 8: 323-340.

Lee, P.C. & C.J. Moss. 1999. The social context for learning and behavioural development among wild African elephants. In: Box, H.O. & Gibson, K.R. (eds) Mammalian Social Learning. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 102-125.

Lee, P.C., Poole, J.H. Njiraini, N. & Moss, C.J. In press. Male social dynamics: Independence and beyond. In: The Amboseli Elephants: A Long-Term Perspective on a Long-Lived Mammal. Moss, C.J., Croze, H.J & Lee, P.C. (Eds.) University of Chicago Press.

Hart, B., L.A. Hart, M. McCoy & C.R. Sarath. 2001. Cognitive behaviour in Asian elephants: use and modification of branches for fly switching. Anim. Behav 62:839-847.

McComb, K., C. Moss, S. Durant, S. Sayialel, L. Baker. 2001. Matriarchs as repositories of social knowledge. Science 292: 491-494.

Moss, C. 1983. Oestrous behaviour and female choice in the African elephant. Behaviour 86:167-96.

Moss, C. 1992. Echo of the Elephants. BBC Books, London Moss, C. 1988. Elephant memories: thirteen years in the life of an elephant family. London: Elm Tree Books.

Poole, J. H., Tyack, P. L., Stoeger-Horwath, A. S. & Watwood, S. L. 2005. Elephants are capable of vocal learning. Nature, 434, 455-456.

Poole, J.H and Moss, C. J. 2008. Elephant sociality and complexity: The scientific evidence. In: Elephants and Ethics: Toward a morality of Co-existence. C. Wemmer & K. Christen (Eds.). Johns Hopkins University Press.

Wemmer, C., Mishra, H. R. 1982. Observational learning by an Asian elephant of an unusual sound production method. Mammalia 46: 557.

Wemmer, C., Mishra, H., and Dinerstein, E. 1985. Unusual use of the trunk for sound production in a captive Asian elephant: A second case. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 82: 187.


You may want to search for these or other papers through the
African Elephant Bibliography.