Barasa A, Shochatovitz A. 1961. Grandezza e densità  della cellule nervose della corteccia cerebrale de Elephas indicus. Rendiconti Accad. Naz. Lincei, 30, 246-249.

Cozzi, B, S. Spagnoli, L. Bruno. 2001. An overview of the central nervous system of the elephant through a critical appraisal of the literature published in the XIX and XX centuries. Brain Research Bulletin. 54 (2) 219-227.

Eisenberg, J.F. 1983. The Mammalian Radiations: An Analysis of Trends in Evolution, Adaptation and Behavior. University of Chicago Press.

Hakeem, AY, Hof, PR, Sherwood, CC, Switzer, RC, Rasmussen LRL, & Allman, JM. 2005. Brain of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana): Neuroanatomy from magnetic resonance images. The Anatomical Record, 287A, 1117-1127.

Hakeem, A.Y., Sherwood, C.C., Bonar, C.J., Butti, C, Hof, P.R. & Allman, J.M. 2009. Von Economo Neurons in the elephant brain. The Anatomical Record 292:242-248.

Hart, B.L., Hart, L.A. & Pinter-Williams, N. 2008 Large brains and cognition: Where do elephants fit in? Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 32:86-98.

Jacobs, B., Lubs, J., Hannan, M., Anderson, K., Butti, C., Sherwood, C.C., Hof, P.R., & Manger, P.R. 2010. Neuronal morphology in the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) neocortex. Brain Struct Funct. DOI 10.1007/s00429-010-0288-3.

Jacobs, B. Sherwood, C.C., Hannan, M., Borst, J., Anderson, K., Butti, C., Hof, P.R., & Manger, P.R. (2010). African elephant (Loxodonta africana) cerebral cortex: Neuronal morphology. [Abstract/Poster] New Studies of Neurobehavioral Evolution. June 25-28. Washington, DC.

Jerison, H.J. 1973. Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence. New York: Academic Press.

Manger PR, Cort J, Ebrahim N, Goodman A, Henning J, Karolia M, Rodrigues S-L, & Strkalj G. 2008. Is 21st century neuroscience too focused on the rat/mouse model of the brain function and dysfunction? Frontiers of Neuroanatomy, 2, 1-7.

Manger PR, Hemingway J, Haagensen M, Gilissen E. 2010. Cross-sectional area of the elephant corpus callosum: Comparison to other eutherian mammals. Neuroscience, 167, 815-24.

Manger PR, Pillay P, Madeko BC, Bhagwandin A, Gravett N, Moon D-J, Jillani N, & Hemingway J. 2009. Acquisition of brains from the African elephant (Loxodonta africana): Perfusion-fixation and dissection. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 179, 16-21.

Roth, G. 1999. Kleine Gehirne - grobe gehirn. Evolutionare Aspekte und funktionelle konsequnzen. Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau 52, p 213-219.

Shoshani, J. 1998. Understanding Proboscidean evolution: a formidable task. TREE vol 13: 480-487.

Shoshani, J., Kupsky, W.J. & Marchant, G.H. 2006a. Elephant brain. Part I: gross morphology, functions, comparative anatomy, and evolution. Brain Research Bulletin 70: 124-157.


You may want to search for these or other papers through the
African Elephant Bibliography.