Mourning can be defined as a shared, social response to loss. In the case of elephants it refers to a set of behaviors that are typically observed in the presence of a dead elephant. Elephants may approach, investigate (Trunk-Toward-Carcass, Back-Toward-Carcass, Touch-Carcass-with-Foot, Touch-Carcass-with-Trunk, Mouth-Carcass), stand stationary in Silence, attempt to Lift-Carcass, Carry-Carcass, Mount-Carcass, Cover-Carcass, Feed-Carcass, and or Guard-Carcass.
References: Moss 1988, Poole 1996, Payne 2003, Douglas-Hamilton et al 2006, Payne 2008, Goldenberg & Wittemyer 2019. (Full reference list)
This behavioral constellation includes the following behaviors: Body-Contact, Cover-Carcass, Feed-Carcass, Guard-Carcass, Lift-Carcass, Mount-Carcass, Carry, Explore-Touch-Foot, Explore-Touch-Mouth, Explore-Touch-Trunk, Lifting, Pulling, Silence, Trunk-to-Body, Trunk-Toward, Carry-Bone and occurs in the following context(s): Death