Passing faeces. As a component of Maintenance, Defecating is observed in all age sex groups. In the other contexts in which it is observed Defecating may be observed in moments of high arousal particularly among adult and juvenile females during intense social interactions.

References: Moss 1988; Poole et al 1988; Poole, 1996: 275; Poole & Granli 2003. (Full reference list)

This behavior occurs in the following context(s): Affiliative, Birth, Coalition Building, Courtship, Maintenance


Context: Conflict & Confrontation (1)

An End-Zone-Dance is a form of Bonding-Ceremony that takes place after a defensive action. This End-Zone-Dance took place after multiple Group-Advances and multiple Group- and sustained Charges by members of the Mabenzi family. After Valente led an almost two minute long Charge, which was joined by the entire family, she and Mwana Nzo High-Five and others all gather in an End-Zone-Dance. The main players - Valente and Mwana-Nzo Rumble with Open-Mouths, while displaying Rapid-Ear-Flapping, Head-Raising, Tail-Raising, and Defecating. They reach their trunks to one another's mouth, Trunk-to-Mouth, and then engage in Trunk-Twining and Open-Mouth-to-Open-Mouth. Intermittently there are Social-Trumpets. Then Mwana Nzo initiates another Group Advance. For the entire sequence see Coalition. (Gorongosa, Mozambique)