A sneezing, wheezing, or coughing sound, that we assume is made for the purpose of clearing the nasal passages.

References: Leong et al 2003 [Chuff], Poole 2011. (Full reference list)

This behavior occurs in the following context(s): Maintenance


Context: Maintenance (1)

Little E is only 3 days old. He is under a bush being looked after by allomother Lorato. He seems to have something irritating in his trunk (ants?) and Sneezes a couple of times and seems to try to shake whatever it is out.

His mother appears to sense his distress and walks over to help him. She reaches out to him and tenderly grasps and holds/caresses his trunk as if either she understands that something in it is the cause of his distress or because she is trying to lead him away from a problematic place. She holds his trunk in such a way as to lift his head and he follows her out. (Maasai Mara, Kenya)


Context: Maintenance (2)

An the beginning of this clip, 6 week old Little E gets down on his knees to drink with his mouth. When he stands up he gives a Sneeze type sound. Did water go down the wrong way? The rest of his family are Drinking. (Maasai Mara, Kenya)