The term Urinating refers to normal elimination as well as social or sexual responses. Normal elimination may stimulate others to Urinate. For instance when a group wakes up from Resting, most individuals may Urinate and Defecate.

In an Advertisement & Attraction or Courtship context, such as during Trunk-to-Genitals, Female-Chorus or Mating-Pandemonium, female adults, adolescents and juveniles will typically Urinate when a male, particularly one in musth, uses his trunk to touch or sniff her genitals, in response to the arrival of a musth male in the group, or during or following a Mating.

Extreme social arousal such as during High-Fiving, Greetings, or a variety of other Bonding-Ceremonies also stimulates female adults, adolescents and juveniles to Urinate. During these sexual and social contexts Urinating is typically associated with vocalising, and several females may Urinate simultaneously.

References: Poole 1982: 37; Moss 1988; Poole et al 1988; Poole 1996: 275; Poole & Granli 2003. (Full reference list)

This behavior occurs in the following context(s): Advertisement & Attraction, Affiliative, Birth, Coalition Building, Maintenance


Context: Affiliative (1)

Pat Derby, Ruby and others come together with a Purposeful-Walk. As they approach one another we hear deep Greeting-Rumbles and they begin Rapid-Ear-Flapping. A young female opens her mouth (Mouth-Open) and gives a loud Social-Trumpet. Ruby (tuskless) is streaming with Temporin.

The Rumbling continues as they move rapidly forward with Pat Derby in the lead. Pat Derby gives a loud Ear-Slap and as she turns we see that she, too, is streaming with Temporin. As they come closer to the camera we hear more and very clear Greeting-Rumbles. Ruby pauses to Urinate and we see that in addition to Temporin she has Ear-Secretion. Pat Derby comes forward and stops to Listen, then she rumbles really loudly as if in response to someone she can hear. Ruby Listens too and we think we hear a distant call - several respond. All get Temporin even the calves though the adult females are really streaming.

A minute later they meet the others and there is a loud exchange but the filmmakers had car difficulties so they couldn't follow them. We hear roaring and a social trumpet. We later see that the Greeting-Ceremony that the filmmakers missed is with Gina f0263 and others. (Maasai Mara, Kenya)