An adult female rejecting the begging advances of her calf through a sideways movement of her hip or body that physically nudges or pushes the calf away.

References: Lee 1986; Lee 1987; Poole & Granli 2011. (Full reference list)

This behavior occurs in the following context(s): Calf Nourishment & Weaning, Movement, Space & Leadership


Context: Calf Nourishment & Weaning (1)

Ruby's 6 year male is still trying to Suckle. He is leaning into her. She keeps him at bay by using a Body-Nudge and by using her tail to swat him (Tail-Swatting). He leans back and gives a Grumble-Rumble. (Maasai Mara, Kenya)